Buck Island Reef National Monument

park outline colored in EEMPMission Statement

The mission of Buck Island Reef National Monument is to protect, preserve, manage, and interpret the monument’s seascapes, scenic views, and unique natural and cultural resources for the education, enjoyment, and inspiration of present and future generations.


NPS LOGOEstablished: 1961, expanded 2001
Lead Agency: National Park Service
Location: St. Croix, USVI
Joined National MPA System: 2009
Size: 176 acre island, 30 square miles submerged land
Visitors Per Year: over 50,000

No Take MPA

In order to preserve and protect the island and tropical marine ecosystem, and oceanic habitats; protect threatened and endangered species and enhance their habitats and survivability; and enhance the health and diversity of fisheries resources through their protection, Buck Island is entirely a No-Take Zone with restricted anchoring.

Special Features

  • The monument contains the wrecks of two eighteenth century slave ships, the Mary and General Abercrombie, other yet unidentified shipwrecks, and terrestrial archeological sites associated with Danish sovereignty in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
  • The monument offers outstanding opportunities for education and scientific research due to the diversity, complexity, and relationship of the natural resources and provides a dynamic laboratory for study and learning.
  • Several threatened and endangered species forage, breed, nest, rest, or calve in the waters within the monument, including humpback whales, pilot whales, dolphins, brown pelicans, least terns, and the hawksbill, leatherback, loggerhead, and green sea turtles. Buck Island is the only completely protected habitat that will support the globally endangered St. Croix ground lizard.

Get in Touch!

Visitor Information: (340) 773-1460
Fax: (340) 719-1791
www.nps.gov/BUIS or download the free NPS-STX app!
Buck Island Reef National Monument